LEARNING FROM MY MISTAKES:Day 3:
My Review from AAMC MCAT Pretest 11
Reduction occurs at the cathode + (RC cola)
Oxidation occurs at the anode -
Pay attention to reverse reaction conditions like temperature or pressure...
Given Moles of Reactant Find Volume of Gas Product
Gas = 22.4L (STP)
Remember to check the stoichiometric ratio of reactant and product!
Reactant # moles x (ratio product/reactant) x 22.4L/mole of gas = # L of gas product
Save calculations for last instead of hurrying...
Spontaneous reactions have -ΔG°
ΔG = ΔH - TΔS
ΔG Free Energy Change
Given Mass Find Pressure of Gas in a Container (Fixed Volume)
# g x (1 mole/molar mass g) = moles of gas (indicating pressure during fixed volume)
The atomic number is the number of electrons also.
Ex. Magnesium #12 has 12 electrons.
Filling them into shells:
1s has 2 (10 left), 2s has 2 (8 left), 2p has 6 (2 left), 3s has 2 (done)
Knowing the last two electrons are in shell 3s,
their angular momentum number (l) is 0.
|2||d||10||Four Dumbbells or Uniquely Shaped One||Diffuse|
|3||f||14||Eight Dumbbells or Uniquely Shaped Two||Fundamental|
Sub-Shell order: Some (ℓ=0) Poor (ℓ=1) Dumb (ℓ=2) Fool (ℓ=3)
See if the equations mentioned in the passage can be rearrangement and if information is present to fill in the variables...
N/m2 = Pascal
kg m/s2 = Newton
kg m2/s2 = Joule (or watt/s or Newton Meter or Pascal m3)
Calculate more slowly...
Velocity2 = Kinetic Energy
Power of Air Resistance = -mgVT
P = FV
Weight = mg
Less soluble -> Solid
More soluble -> Liquid
Solubility of a product defines whether it is in liquid or solid (precipitate) form...
Given Unequal Moles of Reactants Find Product Mass (Limiting Reagent Problem)
Balance the Reaction
Convert the Reactants into Moles
Multiply by the Stoiciometric Ratio of Product/Reactant (All Reactants)
Take the Smallest Amount (the Limiting Reagent)
To Get Product Mass, Multiply the Previous Answer by (Molar Weight g/mol)
ΔH = -#
Heat increase pressure
Cooling decreases pressure
PV = nRT (T must be in Kelvins)
R = 8.314 J K−1 mol−1
Count how many electrons are available from the oxidation
Count how many electrons are required for the reduction
Balance the electrons
If E° is given a #
The reverse reaction is -#
Remember to switch the sign!
For a spontaneous reaction:
E° = positive numbers
I = V/R
Period of Circ2 r/ular Motion:
T = 2πr/v
Subjectivize = Personalize
Trypsin is a pancreatic enzyme that empties into the duodenum and has a operating pH of 8.
(+)-Cellbiose has beta linkages
Adenine's phosphate bonds to Thymine's sugar in DNA
Microfilaments are made of actin
Microtubules originate in the centrosome
T-call receptors bind to viral antigens
Sperm becomes motile and capable of fertilization in the epididymis
Carboxylic acids form stronger hydrogen bonds then alcohols
DNA codes for all proteins, isoenzymes have different DNA
mRNA sequences increase when production of a protein is increased
Determining R or S Chiral Configuration:
Determine Atomic Numbers
Pointing the Lowest Number Away
Look at the Direction Going High to Low
Clockwise = Rectus, Counter Clockwise = Sinister
Pronation (a kinetic phenomenon) will not affect the equilibrium constant or rate of SN2 reactions.
Humans transcribe DNA into RNA using DNA-dependent RNA polymerase
Proteases digest protein into smaller protein fragments
Proteins synthesis from amino-terminal to carboxy-terminal
Bacteria transfer traits by acquiring nucleic acids
Predominant = Most Stable
(Often the Chair Conformation):
Bulky Component Equatorial
Left Overs Cis at the 3 and 5 Postitions
At the end of reviewing the test I realized that I missed the same amount of questions that I knew the answer to (because I didn't read or calculate carefully), as questions that I didn't know. Since I missed about 44% total. If I read and calculate more carefully, I should miss 22% less. The anxiety of finishing on time has a detrimental effect on my calculations. I will look into reducing my anxiety of timed tests sometime soon.